The earth is now warming at a rate that is much faster than its natural process. This is due to the world's economy reliance on the carbon fuel and deforestation for residential, agricultural, industrial, and commercial activities.
Deforestation, which is conversion of a forested land to non-forest land for the purpose of residential, industrial, commercial, urban use, or wasteland, has been seen in many developing and developed countries. Deforestation is mostly unavoidable especially in developing countries such as India and China.
Deforestation in the United States.
Source of 1620, 1850, and 1920 maps: William B. Greeley, The Relation of Geography to Timber Supply, Economic Geography, 1925, vol. 1, p. 1-11.Source of TODAY map: compiled by George Draffan from roadless area map in The Big Outside: A Descriptive Inventory of the Big Wilderness Areas of the United States, by Dave Foreman and Howie Wolke (Harmony Books, 1992)
Deforestation has caused many undesired effects including disturbed natural biodiversity, leaving inhabitable lands for wildlife, and removal of trees also contributes to the rising carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which contributes to global warming.
Trees and other plants remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in the process of photosynthesis. Deforestation with removal of trees will directly cut down the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, causing more greenhouse gases being released to the atmosphere and more heat being trapped by it and keep the earth warmer.
Countless wildlife has lost their habitats and many are facing extinction. Soil erosion is also one of the effect of deforestation, where the land is not protected from the tree litter, causing landslides, and even major tragedy such as floods.