Saving the world

Global warming is now a serious issue and that it has threatened us in many ways. Increased natural catastrophic events such as hurricanes and tornadoes, melting of ice cap at the north and South Pole which lead to rise of sea level, flooding and storms, spread of infectious diseases are the common yet deadly negative effects of global warming.
If unrestricted fossil burning is continued for the next 50 years, the carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere will go up, causing the earth to further warming which will lead to massive ice cap melting at the north and South Pole, causing the rise of sea level and flooding. Catastrophic events will be more aggressive and destructive, and spreads of infectious diseases will be wider and more powerful.
To prevent the world from continuous warming, we need to do something. It is us that caused the global warming, it must be us to make a stop to it!
There are lots of things that we as an individual can do to help to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide and thus help to reduce global warming.

Changes you can make in your home
Use Compact Fluorescent Bulbs
Replace light bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs. Compact fluorescent bulb is more expensive than ordinary light bulbs but in the long run, it will save you energy and help reduce the emission of carbon dioxide and reduce the electricity bill.
Fill the Dishwasher
Run your dishwasher only with a full load. It will save you water and energy.

Adjust Your Thermostat
During winter, move your heater thermostat down to 68°F or below and 55°F at night when you are away from your home. During summer, set thermostat to 78°F or more.
Check Your Waterheater
Keep your water heater thermostat to 120°F or less.

Change the AC Filter

Clean or replace dirty air conditioner filters as necessary.

Take Shorter Showers
Showers in shorter time to save water and save the energy required to heat the water.

Install a Low-Flow Showerhead

Save water and energy required to heat the water by using low flow showerhead.

Use Less Water Whenever Possible

Stop the water from running while you arre brushing your teeth or shaving, and check your pipes and faucets for leaks or drips, even a small drip can waste thousands of gallons of water a year.

Plant a Tree

Help reduce carbon dioxide by planting more trees. Plants and trees will absorb carbon dioxide during its photosynthesis and will help reduce the carbon dioxide concentration.

Insulate Your Water Heater

Insulate your water heater as this will prevent the heat loss, which means less energy will be consumed.

Replace Old Appliances

Old appliances will waste energy due to inefficiency. Replace it with a energy star appliances to efficiently save energy.

Unplug Un-Used Electronics

Unplug electronic devices from the wall socket as they will consume energy even when they are turned off.

Air Dry Your Clothes

Prevent using electronic dryer in the spring and summer, air dry your clothes to save more energy.

Switch to a Tankless Water Heater

Tanked water will constantly consume energy to heat the water, switch to tankless water heater where water is heated as you use it to help reduce energy consumption.

Switch to Double Pane Windows

Double pane windows keep more heat inside your home so less energy will be consumed.

Inflate Your Tires

IKeep the tires on your car adequately inflated and have them checked monthly. This will save fuel on your car.

Change Your Air Filter

Check your car air filter regularly and clean or replace it necessarily. This will improve your car efficiency in fuel burning thus saving you money and help reduce emission of carbon dioxide.

Buy a Hybrid Car

If you plan to buy a car, consider a hybrid car as this will save an average 16,000 lbs. of carbon dioxide and $3,750 per year.

Buy a Fuel Efficient Car

If you do not prefer a hybrid car, try buying a fuel efficient car as it will save lots of fuel per year, and save thousands of carbon dioxide and lots of money per year.

Carpool When You Can

Are you still driving alone to your workplace? Practice carpool! This will save you fuels and money, and it will save averagely 790 lbs. of carbon dioxide per year.

Switch to Public Transit

You can try switching from driving to taking public transit as this will save you money on fuel and help reduce the emission of carbon dioxide from your vehicle.

Buy Products Locally

Buy the products you need locally instead of from a place that is far from you as this will save the energy required to deliver your products to you.

Buy Minimally Packaged Goods

Buy products that are of less or no packaging as this will reduce your garbage by about 10% and save 1,200 lbs of carbon dioxide and $1,000 per year.

Buy Organic Food

Buying and consuming organic food not only bring healthier life to you, but also reduce the water pollution by chemicals found in modern agricultural practice, and reduce the energy required to produce.

Bring Cloth Bags to the Market

Try bringing your own cloth bag when you are going to the market, avoid plastic or paper bags and you can reduce waste.

World nations responsibility

The efforts of reducing global warming are not only the responsibility of individuals, the world nations should also play a major role in combating global warming.

Kyoto protocol
The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an amendment to the international treaty on climate change, assigning mandatory emission limitations for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to signatory nations. Countries that ratify this protocol commit to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide and five other greenhouse gases, or engage in emissions trading if they maintain or increase emissions of these gases.
Global trends in major long-lived greenhouse gases though the year 2002. There five gases account for about 97% of the direct climate forcing by long-lived greenhouse gas increases since 1750. The remaining 3% is contributed by an assortment of 10 minor halogen gases, mainly HCFC-22, CFC-113 and CCI.

The Kyoto Protocol objective is to stabilize the greenhouse gases concentration in the atmosphere to a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.

The treaty was negotiated in Kyoto, Japan in December 1997, opened for signature on March 16, 1998, and closed on March 15, 1999. The agreement came into force on February 16, 2005. A total of 169 countries and other governmental entities have ratified the agreement as of December 2006. India and China, which have also ratified this protocol, are not required to reduce carbon dioxide emissions under the present agreement despite their relatively large populations. The United States and Australia refused to ratify this protocol.

Participation in the Kyoto Protocol, where dark green indicates countries that have signed and ratified the treaty and yellow indicates states that have signed and hope to ratify the treaty. Australia and the United States have signed the treaty but refuse to ratify it.
Development and application of clean energy

Energy generation from the burning of coals should be reduced and replaced by clean and environmental friendly energy generator such as wind, solar, and wave energy, geothermal, and hydroelectric energy. This kind of energy generators are typically renewable and non-polluting energy sources.

Geothermal power
geothermal power refers to generation of electricity by utilizing the geothermal heat.

This renewable energy source relies on water's kinetic energy to move the water turbine and generator to generate electricity.
Wind power
Wind power is the generation of electricity from wind through the use of wind turbines.
Solar energy
Solar energy is the conversion from the sun light energy into electricity power.
Wave power
Wave power refers to generation of electricity power from the ocean surface waves.
Improve transportation efficiency

The transportation efficiency can be enhanced by building roads and designing connectivity between them in such a way that will reduce traffic volumes. Increasing the public transit services and easing accessibility to them will also help reduce the use of vehicles.

Together we shape the world

Global warming is serious problem to our planet, it causes disorders to the earth ecosystem, destructive catastrophic events are happening more frequently than before, temperature increase that caused people dead from extreme heat and spreads of infectious diseases, and many more negative impacts on the organisms on the earth. These are the consequences of anthropogenic interference with the climate change, or global warming.

We must take actions now to save our planet, to give a break to it, and to rejuvenate the earth with fresh and clean air. We can help reduce global warming by taking the above mentioned actions into practice. Spread your knowledge to your friends and families. Take charge, together we can save the world!

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